“Technology has a critical role to play in addressing each of the major challenges the world faces, yet it also poses significant economic and social risks. As we enter the Fourth Industrial Revolution, it is vital that we develop shared norms and protocols to ensure that technology serves humanity and contributes to a prosperous and sustainable future,”

These are the top 10 emerging technologies of 2016

  1. Nano-sensors and the Internet of Nano-things:

With the Internet of Things expected to comprise 30 billion connected devices by 2020, one of the most exciting areas of focus today is now on Nano sensors capable of circulating in the human body or being embedded in construction materials. These technologies are the future of the coming tomorrow.

  1. Next Generation Batteries:

One of the greatest obstacles holding renewable energy back is matching supply with demand, but recent advances in energy storage using sodium, aluminum and zinc based batteries makes mini-grids feasible that can provide clean, reliable, round the clock energy sources to entire villages. These batteries can yield great output and can have tremendous results depending upon their success.

  1. The Block-chain:

Much already has been made of the distributed electronic ledger behind the online currency Bit-coin. With related venture investment exceeding $1 billion in 2015 alone, the economic and social impact of block-chain’s potential to fundamentally change the way markets and governments work is only now emerging. Moreover other details are being unveils as more work needs to be done.

  1. 2D Materials:

Grapheme may be the best-known, single-atom layer material, but it is by no means the only one. Plummeting production costs mean that such 2D materials are emerging in a wide range of applications, from air and water filters to new generations of wearable’s and batteries. They tend to gives very good results.

  1. Autonomous Vehicles:

Self-driving cars may not yet be fully legal in most geographies, but their potential for saving lives, cutting pollution, boosting economies, and improving quality of life for the elderly and other segments of society has led to rapid deployment of key technology forerunners along the way to full autonomy. Using of robots in these cars is going to change the world forever as they will make driving automatic for life.

  1. Organs-on-chips:

Miniature models of human organs, the size of a memory stick could revolutionize medical research and drug discovery by allowing researchers to see biological mechanism behaviors in ways never before possible. This has been tested successfully and also its use tend to increase day by day

  1. Perovskite Solar Cells:

This new photovoltaic material offers three improvements over the classic silicon solar cell. It is easier to make, can be used virtually anywhere and to date, keeps on generating power more efficiently.

  1. Open AI Ecosystem:

Shared advances in natural language processing and social awareness algorithms, coupled with an unprecedented availability of data, will soon allow smart digital assistants help with a vast range of tasks, from keeping track of one’s finances and health to advising on wardrobe choice.

  1. Optogenetics:

The use of light and color to record the activity of neurons in the brain has been around for some time, but recent developments mean light can now be delivered deeper into brain tissue, something that could lead to better treatment for people with brain disorders.

  1. Systems Metabolic Engineering

Advances in synthetic biology, systems biology and evolutionary engineering mean that the list of building block chemicals that can be manufactured better and more cheaply by using plants rather than fossil fuels is growing every year.